Ancient Egyptian dental practices were therefore advanced compared to those of other cultures of the time, and yet other areas of Egyptian medicine actually progressed even more quickly. For example, although a belief in magic governed many treatments, the Egyptians nonetheless displayed extensive knowledge of anatomy. They also used honey in their medicines, and the sweet substance has since been proven to have anti-bacterial properties.
Meanwhile, the success of Egyptian irrigation methods meant that they were also applied by both the Greek and Roman civilizations. Greek philosophers such as Pythagoras would also travel to Egypt to learn from priests and scholars there. And math in the Nile Delta culture was implemented in everything from engineering and medicine to taxation and record-keeping.
Other Egyptian innovations that spread to Greece and the rest of the world included both the first paper and the first black ink. Paper, for its part, was made from the papyrus plant, while early inks came from beeswax, soot and vegetable gum. Different minerals were added to the inks to produce different colors, while pens were created from reeds with split ends. And, naturally, these inventions led to advances in writing and recording.