In 2000 the European Institute for Underwater Archaeology uncovered the remains of an ancient city off the coast of Egypt that, incredibly, had lain submerged beneath the waves for over 1,000 years. Since then, divers have excavated a host of age-old relics at the site – including fascinating shipwrecks. But in March 2019 the world discovered that the institute had found a wreck unlike any seen before. In fact, the only previous evidence that the hulk existed was one ancient historian’s description. And many people thought that he was lying – until now.
It’s pretty astonishing what some of humanity’s earliest civilizations were able to accomplish. For example, the ancient Egyptians and Greeks did not, of course, have access to the materials or knowledge that are at hand to us today. And yet between them those cultures built incredible structures, developed whole new technologies to improve farming and came up with ideas that have influenced much of philosophical and mathematical thought.
When you think of ancient Egypt, you probably picture the pyramids. And even today, experts are baffled by how those people from the past were capable of building on such a massive scale. There are, however, less grand but equally important innovations that came from this highly successful society. For instance, sand often got into food back then, and this led the Egyptians to conceive toothpaste and toothbrushes.