During those early days, the ancient Egyptians also founded Memphis – the first capital of their great kingdom. Indeed, for millennia, the city remained the most important in the region. And even though Memphis eventually lost its status after the founding of Alexandria in the fourth century B.C., its ruins continue to fascinate archaeologists to this day.
So, too, do this bygone culture’s practices. And of all the many arcane rites of ancient Egypt, among the most fascinating is that of mummification. Now, it’s often observed that the process was carried out to preserve human remains in preparation for the afterlife. However, the full story is more complex and nuanced than that.
According to experts, the practice of mummification may date as far back as the earliest Egyptian dynasties. Apparently, it has its roots in the ancient belief that the human soul could be broken down into three parts. And it was feared that without the body to act as a vessel for these different elements, they could become scattered and lost.